What is Personality Disorder?

A personality Disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescense or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment.

What Personality Disorders are included in this classification?

The list includes.

1. Paranoid Personality Disorderis a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness such that others motives interpreted as malevolent.

2. Schizoid Personality Disorder is a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression.

3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder is a pattern of acute discomfort close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentricities of behavior.

4. Antisocial Personality Disorder is a pattern of disregard for, and violation of the rights of others.

5. Borderline Personality Disorder is a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, affects and marked impulsivity.

6. Histrionic Personality Disorder is a pattern of excessive emotionally and attention seeking.

7. Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a pattern of excessive emotionally and attention seeking.

8. Avoidant Personality Disorder is a pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation.

9. Dependent Personality Disorder is a pattern of submissive and clinging behavior related to an expressive need to be taken care of.

10. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is a pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control.

11. Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified the criteria for any specific Personality Disorder are not met but meets the general criteria for a personality Disorder, and has a personality Disorder not included in the Classification as in passive aggressive personality disorder.

Other Conditions That May Be A Focus Of Medical Attention

What do these conditions include?

They are the following.

1. Psychological Or Behavioral Factors Affecting Medical Condition.

Example: Additional health risk as in continued overacting in an individual with weight-related diabetes.

a. Mental Disorder Affecting Medical Condition

Example: Schizophrenia complicating the treatment of diabets mellitus.

b. Psychological symptoms Affecting Medical Condition

Example: Symptoms of anxiety or depression affecting the course and severity of irritable bowel syndrome or peptic ulcer disease or complicating recovery from surgery.

c. Personality Traits or Coping Style Affecting Medical Condition

Example: Problematic personality traits and maladaptive coping styles can impede the working relationship with health care personnel.

d. Maladaptive Health Behaviors Affecting Medical Condition

Example: Unsafe sexual practices, overacting excessive alcohol and drug use, affect the course or treatment of a general medical condition.

e. Stress-Related Psychological Response Affecting a Medical Condition

Example: Stress could precipate chest pain

f. Other or Unspecified Factors Affecting A Medical Condition are factors not specified in the subtypes.

2. Medication - Induced Movement Disorders

These are important in the management of:

a. Neuroleptic - Induced Parkinsonism
b. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
c. Neuroleptic - Induced Acure Dystonia
d. Neuroleptic - Induced Akathisia
e. Neuroleptic - Induced Tardive Dyskinesia
f. Medication - Induced Postural Tremor
g. Medication - Induced Movement Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

3. Other Medication Induced Disorder

Adverse Effects of Medication Not Otherwise Specified

4. Relational Problems

a. Relational Problem Related to a Medical Disorder or General Medical Condition. There is an impaired interactions that is associated with a mental disorder or general medical condition in a family member.

b. Parent-Child Relational Problem. The clinical attention is due to impaired communication, over protection, or inadequate discipline.

c. Partner-relational Problem. The focus of clinical attention is a pattern of clinical attention interaction between spouses or partners due to negative communication as in criticisms, distorted communication as in unrealistic expectations, non communication as one or both partners.

d. Sibling Relation Problems. The focus of attention is due to impairment in interaction among siblings.

e. Relational Problem Not Otherwise Specified. Example: Difficulties with co-workers.

5. Problems Related To Abuse Or Neglect

These are:

a) Physical Abuse of Child
b) Sexual Abuse of Child
c) Neglect of Child
d) Physical Abuse of Child
e) Sexual Abuse Adult